Even before birth, the baby gets in the belly of the mother much of the world. More than you can possibly imagine. It reacts to its environment and makes it more intense week by week. We show you what the fetus can feel, hear, smell, taste and see.
Even an unborn baby can remember acoustic stimuli and recognize sounds after birth, scientists have been able to prove it in several studies. Especially the research results of the late 1990s have led to a boom in prenatal care programs, especially in the United States. Some parents believe that by using the sound of the fetus with classical music, they can increase their intelligence and teach them to count on lantern signals.
So, do you have to do as much as possible to promote the baby before birth? The answer is clear: no. As long as you eat healthily, move in the fresh air and avoid stress, you are doing the best for your baby. There is a reason why a baby grows up in the sheltered uterus: it not only needs warmth and the cozy, dark narrowness but also its rest and a lot of sleep. “This isolation seems to be just right for the early development of the brain,” says brain researcher and author Lise Eliot.
What can the Unborn Child do In the Womb?
Motor skills: Hard to believe, but almost three months before a pregnant woman even feels it, her baby begins to move. Motor development begins in the 8th week of pregnancy. Only the baby just twitches. Then, from the 9th week, the spinal cord is already well formed and begins to work: Now it controls the first movements of the head and limbs. Even the first hiccup the baby can have now. A few weeks later, the breathing movements are added – and the first yawner. Once the basic organ development is complete, ie around the 10th week of pregnancy, the baby has finished his embryonic phase. From now on, the fetus grows incredibly fast and can even move its tiny fingers soon.
Feeling: When the baby’s nerve cells have developed, then the baby is aware of its surroundings. At first the most sensitive are the lips. By chance, if his own hand floats past his mouth, then he begins to suck on it. His sensitivity to touch expands throughout the body during pregnancy. Soon it can also feel temperature differences
Listening: In the 23rd week of pregnancy, the child’s hearing is so far developed that it can consciously perceive noises. “The baby hears all the sounds that come from the mother,” says scientist Carolyn Granier-Deferre from the University of Paris. It listens to the mother’s voice, hears her heart beat, her stomach rumble and the rushing bloodstream. From about the 35th week, the unborn baby can distinguish pitches. “The baby begins to recognize the rhythms of different languages before birth,” says psychology professor Fred Genesse of McGill University in Canada, an expert in early language acquisition. So just talk to your baby in the stomach. This helps the baby to learn to speak later.
Even the other senses such as tasting or smelling the baby from early on. Even before birth, it can even differentiate different tastes – depending on what you have eaten.
Do Unborn Children feel The Mood of The Mother?
Just how important the abdomen is in the psychic life of a human, already says the colloquial language: One has “anger in the belly” or feels “butterflies in the belly”. But how is that, if you have a little roommate in your stomach? Are the abdominal feelings of the mother with the unborn? The psychotherapist dr. Ludwig Janus is absolutely sure: “If we are as close together with another person as we are before birth, we perceive their affectivity (= emotions) on many channels,” he emphasizes in an interview. , Janus even believes: “The prenatal imprints are the deepest”. At the same time, he limits himself: “Ultimately, it is only partially researched what exactly makes us realize the anger, the contentment, the fear of another person.”
It is certain that, among other things certain maternal hormones act as messengers. They make the baby’s arrival or relaxation, grief, anger or joy felt for the baby, because the placenta passes on these material “messengers” to the child. If the pregnant woman feels stressed, the level of the stress hormone cortisol also rises in the umbilical cord blood, so it quickly reaches the unborn child. If the mother is happy, happy endorphins are released and passed on as well.
Can unborn babies already be (in) happy?
The mother’s feelings seem not only to reach the baby, but also to sustainably influence her young soul: “The emerging brain of the fetus changes according to what the environment dictates,” explains Dr. Janus, a training analyst and professor at several research institutes. “If this environment is very scary, it is more likely that synapses (nerve connections) are trained for anxiety, restlessness and stress, and less for happiness and satisfaction, but if the mother has a good relationship with pregnancy , it’s the other way around: then the child also wants, “Janus believes. Some researchers even talk about a prenatal “programming” of a person who has lived all his life, such as Professor Peter Nathanielsz of Cornell University in the state of New York (USA): “You can have the most beautiful genome of the world, if “The influences in the uterus are negative, a very bad final product can come out”.
Already in the womb, the scientists observed in the ultrasound, the babies apparently already react visibly to the negative feelings of the pregnant women: some are restless and their movements are unequal. The others become small and draw arms and legs close to the body. The facial expression also shows that the “belly child” has a rich emotional life from the 28th week. In the high-resolution special ultrasound, you can see how the babies frown or relax their face and even hint at a smile. show.
Janet DiPietro, a professor at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, USA UU., Says that the predominantly negative feelings of pregnant women are harmful since pregnant women who are too stressed, depressed or anxious are more likely to have children with a development below the average brain. An indication of this is the surprisingly uniform heart rate. These children, according to DiPietro, also stayed behind six weeks after the birth because they were more flaccid, lethargic and without motor.
When does the baby have all his senses together?
Not only emotionally, but also physically, the tiny human beings are already very early sentient beings: the first reactions to contact with the skin are shown by a fetus from 50 days. So first, the sense of touch wakes up: Already in the seventh week, the child can feel how he is surrounded by the amniotic fluid, he feels that the functioning of the internal organs of the mother, easily resonates with his pulse. First, the child feels with the region of the mouth, where most of the nerve cells are in the skin. Twelve-week-old babies already have small hands and each tip of the fingers is equipped with a network of sensitive touch cells. By week 17, the sense of touch already affects all regions of the skin.
Approximately between weeks 22 and 24 after conception, unborn babies are likely to feel pain, so today it is difficult to imagine that even in the 1970s an unborn child would be considered insensitive, blind, deaf and without pain. This vision was so common that premature babies were operated on even without anesthesia.
As of week 17, the sense of balance is probably developed. Then the child feels when the mother changes position.
Every mother noticed some time an electric toothbrush is used or a door slammed shut, the child shudders in the abdomen. Between weeks 18 and 25, the hearing of the fetus matures. The fetuses of four to five months of age even have clear hearing preferences: they value Vivaldi and Mozart, while they get upset with the powerful sounds of Beethoven, Brahms or Hard Rock.
In the week 20 to 28 children can already sleep. Throughout the day, the child continues taking “naps” of about 20 minutes. Now the missing senses are added: the child can see (light/dark), smell and taste. Now you can feel everything a newborn can do: react to touch, noise, light, smell or taste.