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Diarrhoea in children: common causes

Why do children have more diarrhoea than adults? How can you heal the suffering of your child? These are the Possible causes of diarrhoea

Diarrhoea in children: common causes 

Diarrhoea is the way the body eliminates germs, and most episodes last from a few days to a week. Diarrhoea often occurs with fever, nausea, vomiting, cramping and dehydration.

Some of the most common reasons children have diarrhea include:

  • Infection with viruses such as rotavirus, bacteria such as salmonella and, rarely, parasites such as giardiasis. Viruses are the most common cause of diarrhoea in children. In addition to loose or watery stools, symptoms of infection with viral gastroenteritis often include vomiting, upset stomach, headache and fever.

When treating viral gastroenteritis, which can last from 5 to 14 days, it is important to avoid fluid loss. Offer additional breast milk or oral rehydration solution (ORS) to infants and young children. Water alone does not contain enough sodium, potassium and other nutrients to safely rehydrate very young children. Be sure to talk with your doctor about the amount of fluids your child needs, how to get them, how much to donate, and how to become dehydrated.

Older children with diarrhoea can drink all they want to stay hydrated, including SRO and branded products (their name usually ends with “lyte”). Ice lollies can also be a good way to carry fluids to a child who vomits and should slowly rehydrate.

If you recently went abroad, you should definitely consult a doctor. You may need to check your kids’ stool.

  • Drugs such as laxatives or antibiotics can also cause diarrhea in children and adults.

For mild diarrhea caused by medication, keep the baby safe. If the course of the antibiotics causes the child’s diarrhea, be sure to continue the treatment and consult a doctor. Your doctor may recommend reducing the dose, changing the diet, adding a probiotic or switching to another antibiotic.

Studies show that yogurt with live cultures or probiotics can help relieve diarrhea caused by antibiotics. Cultures and probiotics help restore healthy intestinal bacteria that die of antibiotics.

  • Food poisoning can also cause diarrhea in children. Symptoms usually appear quickly, may include vomiting, and usually go away within 24 hours.

The treatment of diarrhea associated with food poisoning is the same as diarrhea caused by an infection: keep the baby hydrated and consult a doctor if you have any questions.

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  • Other causes of diarrhea include irritable bowel disease, Crohn’s disease, food allergies and celiac disease. If you do not know what causes your child’s diarrhea, see a doctor.

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