What is a vaginal yeast infection?
Vaginal yeast infection, also known as candidiasis, is a common disease. A healthy vagina contains bacteria and some yeast cells. But when the balance of bacteria and yeast changes, the yeast cells can multiply. This causes severe itching, swelling and irritation.
Treating a vaginal yeast infection can relieve the symptoms in a few days. In more severe cases this can take up to two weeks.
Vaginal fungal infections are not considered a sexually transmitted infection (STI). Sexual contact can spread, but even women who are not sexually active can get it. If you have a yeast infection, you will probably get another.
What are the symptoms of vaginal yeast infection?
Vaginal fungal infections have a common set of symptoms, such as:
- vaginal itching
- Edema around the vagina
- Burning while urinating or sex
- Pain during sex
Irregular vaginal discharge are another symptom. Some people say that this conditioner is similar to cottage cheese. Sometimes this process can also be resolved.
In general, the untreated time for your yeast infection directly affects the severity of your symptoms.
What causes vaginal yeast infections?
Candida fungus is a natural microorganism in the vagina. The bacterium Lactobacillus keeps its growth under control.
But if there is an imbalance in your system, these bacteria will not work effectively. This leads to the growth of yeast, which causes the symptoms of vaginal yeast infections.
Several factors can cause a fungal infection, which includes:
- Antibiotics (reduce the amount of Lactobacillus [“good bacteria”] in the vagina)
- uncontrolled diabetes
- weak immune system
- bad eating habits, including many sweet foods
- hormonal imbalance near the menstrual cycle
- lack of sleep
A certain type of yeast, called Candida albicans, causes most fungal infections. These fungal infections are easy to treat.
If you have recurring fungal infections or you can get rid of a fungal infection with conventional medications, then this may be the cause of another version of Candida. A lab test can determine the type of your Candida.
How is a vaginal yeast infection diagnosed?
Yeast infections are easy to diagnose. Your doctor will ask you questions about your medical history. This includes if you have ever had a yeast infection. You can also ask if you already have an STI.
The next step is gynecological examination. Your doctor will examine your vaginal walls and cervix. They will also examine the surrounding terrain for signs of external infection.
Depending on what your doctor sees, the next step is to take the cells out of your vagina. These cells are sent to the laboratory for examination. Laboratory tests are usually prescribed for women with fungal infections or infections that do not go away.
How is a vaginal yeast infection treated?
Since every yeast infection is different, your doctor will suggest a treatment that suits you best. Treatment is usually determined by the severity of your symptoms.
For simple fungal infections, the doctor usually prescribes a one- to three-day treatment with an antifungal cream, ointment, pill or suppositories. These medications can be prescribed or sold over the counter.
Common medicines include:
- Butoconazole (ginazole)
- Clotrimazole (Lotrimin)
- Miconazole (Monistat)
- Terconazole (Terazole)
- Fluconazole (Diflucan)
Women with simple fungal infections should monitor their doctors to make sure the drugs work.
You will also need a follow-up appointment if your symptoms recur within two months.
If you admit that you have a yeast infection, you can also treat yourself at home with over-the-counter products.
Your doctor will more than likely treat your yeast infection as a difficult or complicated case if:
- have severe redness, swelling and itching that results in lesions or lesions in the vaginal tissue
- more than four fungal infections per year
- have caused an infection by candida as candida albicans
- Are you pregnant?
- have an uncontrolled diabetes or a weakened immune system
- are HIV positive
Possible ways to treat severe or complex fungal infections are:
- Cream, ointment, pill or suppository of vaginal treatment for 14 days
- two or three doses of fluconazole (Diflucan)
- long-term prescription of fluconazole (Diflucan) once a week for six weeks or long term, the use of a local antifungals
If your infection recurs, you can also see if your sexual partner has a fungal infection. Remember to use condoms if you have sex if you suspect a yeast infection.
What natural and alternative treatments are there?
You can try to treat vaginal yeast infections by natural means if you want to avoid prescription drugs, but these are not as effective or reliable as the indicated medications. Some popular natural remedies are:
- coconut oil
- Tea tree oil cream
- Vaginal suppositories of boric acid
- Natural yogurt taken orally or introduced into the vagina
- Always make sure your hands are clean before applying creams or oils to your vagina.
You may also want to speak with a doctor before trying natural remedies. This is important because:
If your symptoms are due to something other than a yeast infection, your doctor may help you diagnose your condition.
Some herbs may interact with medications you are taking or cause other unwanted side effects.
How to prevent vaginal infections
To Do List
- eat a balanced diet
- Eat yogurt or take lactobacilli supplements
- Use natural fibers such as cotton, linen or silk
- Wash laundry in warm water
- They often replace women’s products
- wearing tight pants, socks, pants or leggings
- Use of feminine deodorants or perfumed swabs or tampons
- sitting in wet clothes, especially swimwear
- sitting in hot tubs or making frequent hot baths
Often you probably know exactly what caused yeast infection. For example, some women experience these infections each time they take antibiotics.
By identifying your risk factors, you can avoid future infections.