Today we would like to introduce you to the 10 most common male diseases. These are erectile dysfunction, prostate cancer, undescended testicles, gynecomastia, penile cancer, premature ejaculation, azoospermia, testicular cancer, foreskin constriction and prostatitis. The following guide explains everything worth knowing about the diseases and complaints.
1. Erectile dysfunction – one of the common male diseases
The erectile dysfunction is a taboo subject for many men, but completely wrong, because erectile dysfunction is not uncommon. About 50 per cent of men over the age of 40 at least occasionally suffer from erectile dysfunction (erectile dysfunction or impotence). With age, the proportion of men increases, and even men younger than 40 may be affected by erectile dysfunction. The causes are many. This includes:
- Mental factors such as stress or sexual fear of failure
- Diseases such as the cardiovascular system or diabetes
- nerve damage
- hormonal imbalances
- Side effects of certain medications
2. Prostate cancer – one of the malignant males diseases
Prostate cancer is the most common male cancer in Germany today, with more than 60,000 new cases a year. One of the main reasons for this is that the proportion of older men has increased more. The median age of the disease is 69 years. If a close family member has prostate cancer, the risk of becoming ill is also increased. The first symptoms include prostate cancer:
- The common need to urinate
- Pain when urinating
- A slow urination
- Blood in the urine
- Blood in the seed
- Pain or stiffness in the back, pelvis or hips
- Difficulty in erection
Soy and soy products are thought to prevent prostate cancer, as men are less likely to develop them in countries where many soy products are eaten. In general, a healthy diet rich in fruits, vegetables and fibre is a good preventive for many cancers. Red meat, saturated fats and alcohol should be reduced to reduce the risk.
3. Testicular upheaval – one of the men’s diseases affecting newborns
An undescended testicle means that one or both testicles are not in the scrotum of the male baby. The disease, a developmental disorder, is innate. Up to approximately three percent of the boys who are born at the normal time have an undescended testicle on one or both sides. In premature births, however, the frequency is even up to 30 per cent. However, at the end of the first year of life the testicles have mostly completely migrated down, so that in many cases no further treatment is required. The causes are different, for example:
- Anatomical irregularities, which lay the way to the scrotum accordingly and thereby the testes can not get to their normal position.
- Hormonal imbalances that occur during pregnancy may also be a reason for a testicular condition.
- Another possible cause is a premature birth, in which the development is often not complete, so it can also come to undescended testicles.
Therapy should be completed by the age of at least one year to prevent long-term consequences such as infertility or testicular cancer. If a hormone therapy does not bring any success, the undescended testicle is surgically corrected.
In gynecomastia, as well as one of the male diseases, the mammary gland swells in the man. An imbalance in hormone balance (testosterone and estrogen) is responsible for this disorder, for example during puberty or in older men. The condition, which is usually not a serious problem, often heals on its own. Gynecomastia can affect only one or both breasts, and growth can vary. The causes of the impaired hormone balance include:
Other drugs such as androgens, anabolic steroids, drugs for AIDS, antidepressants, antibiotics or cancer and heart medications
Other diseases such as cancer, tumors or a failure of the liver or kidneys
Alcohol and malnutrition also have negative effects on the hormone balance.
5. Penile Cancer
Penile cancer is one of the male diseases that usually only occur from the age of 60 years. Younger men under the age of 40 may also be affected by the disease. If the tumor is detected early, the prognosis is good. The penile cancer usually forms on the glans and foreskin. Left untreated, the tumors spread to the cavernosum, urethra, prostate and even to the abdominal wall. Through the lymphatic system, they can migrate into the lymph nodes of the pelvis and groin. In the skeleton or other organs, for example in the lungs of the penile cancer spreads more rarely. In the course of the disease sufferers notice a clear and sometimes unpleasant-smelling discharge, which is secreted from the penis. In addition, a swelling or a hard spot on the penis may occur. Large tumors can also bleed. In addition, weight loss, fatigue and fatigue often sets in. The causes of penile cancer include:
- Higher age
- Lack of hygiene
- Changes in the mucosa
- Papilloma virus infections
6. Premature ejaculation
Premature ejaculation is one of the male diseases in which the man can not control the timing of ejaculation so that sexual intercourse is satisfactory. After the penis has penetrated, it comes with a minimum stimulation for early ejaculation. In severe cases, the ejaculation can also be established even before penetration. An organic cause such as urethritis is rare for this. The reasons include, for example:
- Mental disorder
- Fear of failure due to bad experiences
An azoospermia is one of the men’s diseases in which the mature male spermatozoa are absent in the ejaculate. The disease causes no complaints, so it is often perceived by those affected only in an unfulfilled desire for children, because the men are infertile. This can be determined by sperm examination, imaging or genetic testing. Possible causes are:
- Developmental Disorders of Sperm
- Narrowing and interruption of the draining spermatic ducts
- Genetic defects
- Illnesses like mumps after the onset of puberty
- Various venereal diseases
8. Testicular cancer
The testicular cancer is characterized by a small and coarse swelling on the testicles, which does not hurt or bother. Some sufferers also feel a pull in the groin, but many sufferers do not even feel that. Usually, the disease occurs before the 35th year of life.
9. Foreskin narrowing
It is estimated that about 95 percent of all boys are born with a natural foreskin constriction. At about one year, about 50 percent of the boys have a foreskin shrinkage and at three years around 10 percent. At the age of 15, it is only one in 100. The foreskin is glued to the glans in the foreskin or ring-scarred. She can not be pushed back over the glans. This must not be attempted by force, as this can cause small injuries or tears and thus scar tissue is possible. Causes include not only genetic predisposition but also inflammation.
Prostatitis is an inflammation of the prostate (prostate gland). The disease leads to severe pain in the anal and perineal area. Other symptoms include urinary frequency, urinary pain, and ejaculation. It is estimated that about 15 percent of men contract prostatitis once a year, with the risk increasing with age. Most affected by the disease are men between the ages of 40 and 50 years.
These were the 10 most common male diseases. As always, the earlier the disease is diagnosed and the treatment initiated, the better the chances of recovery.