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11 Solutions for flu and colds that really work

But some flu remedies are not as legitimate as they seem (yes, I look at you, Echinacea). See how you know which ones can help you feel better, and which, well, are useless.

If you are sick, you will try almost anything to make you feel better, including what you have heard about your sister’s, neighbor, from your best friend (who by the way is not very medical).
But some flu solutions are not as legitimate as they seem

See here, how you know which ones can help you feel better and which ones are useless.? Stay with me: 

Solutions to try

1. Nasal sprays

If you’re congested, you want to focus on the cause of your problem (ie, your nose). Intranasal steroid aerosols can reduce inflammation in the nasal passages, hydrate the mucous membranes to limit irritation and eliminate secretions to relieve congestion.

Kathleen Dass, MD, an allergist-immunologist and recommends treating your symptoms with any of these aerosols, saying that they work even better for the treatment of symptoms like the use of antibiotics when the common cold or flu is a sinus infection , (These antibiotics still want to call to eliminate the underlying infection). Some popular sprays, Flonase, Nasonex and Rhinocort, are available without a prescription.

2. rest
Your mother always told you to rest a lot when you’re sick, right? It is a science behind it; This shows that research has shown that deep and restorative sleep is a factor that increases the levels of antibodies in your body, especially after vaccination.

But this is not the only reason to take during the cold zzz and flu season: A small study published in the journal Sleep in 2017 suggests that withdrawal of chronic sleep can damage the immune system and increase the individual’s risk for the virus.

3. saline irrigation
(Eg a neti pot or salt spray counter) is not necessarily as useful as nasal sprays with steroids, although you may feel better for you soon: “They are limited to evidence, [however, washings can help relieve the symptoms and release the mucus” , says that.

Since the only ingredient is water (salty or sterile distilled water), this laundry may be a good option for people who avoid drugs, although this patient is advised to avoid salt washing when he is cold and flu when he is under pressure Mouth. the ears; it is worse

One more thing that is worth nothing: Use distilled water, sterile or previously cooked in this batch to avoid contamination, according to the FDA. You can also use nasal steroid sprays and saline irrigation methods together; Just make sure that you first use salt-watering to cleanse the breasts, followed by the steroid spray to increase its effects, says Dass.

4. Hydration
Your mother probably also told you to drink a lot when you’re sick, and she was not wrong. “Cytokines, a group of proteins that help us fight infection, can also cause headaches, fever and pain,” Dass says. “Keeping hydrated can help increase the immune response of cytokines [and reduce those symptoms].”

The hydrate recommends a variety of sources, not just water, broth, electrolyte drinks and fruit juices, but avoid drinks that contain a lot of sugar and caffeine and alcohol, since you may feel worse.

5. Decongestants
the nasal decongestants effect (like Afrin) and oral decongestants (like Sudafed) by narrowed blood vessels in the nasal mucosa, which shrinks the blood flow and reduces nasal tissue.

Basically, they facilitate breathing through the nose, but there are some caveats: you can take a decongestant nasal for more than three days without the risk of vice and worsen constipation after stopping; On the other hand, oral decongestants are not necessarily associated with addiction, but they are not as effective and have some potential side effects, says Dass.

“[Be careful] with oral decongestants, as they can cause dizziness, restlessness, increased heart rate or increased blood pressure,” says Dass. “You should not mix alcohol with an oral decongestant.”

6. Tamiflu
This means that this type of prescription can shorten the duration of the flu, but only if it arrives as soon as possible to your doctor (for example, as soon as you feel pain and fever). “Tamiflu has shown in numerous studies that the flu symptoms can be reduced for up to three days, but only if taken in the first 48 hours,” he explains.

Basically, if you get sick for a few days, the antiviral drug will not help you fight the virus better than your own body. This adds that most doctors prescribe Tamiflu before the results of their flu tests return, if the symptoms match the virus.

7. Products with multiple symptoms

Instead of three or four different free sales Medications to combat its variety of symptoms, a product of multiple symptoms like NyQuil simplifies the process. That these products usually have anti-inflammatory agents, says Dass to treat fever and mild pain; Antihistamines, for nose and throat symptoms; Decongestants, for stowage; and dextromethorphan to relieve cough.

But be careful with the ingredients of the brand you use to make sure they do not react with other medications you’re currently taking. Look for diphenhydramine (also known as Benadryl), which can make you sleepy and could be dangerous if you drive.

8. Rub the steam
No smell is as nauseating as VapoRub, the topical gel that contains menthol and eucalyptus. But it is undeniable that it works, especially for cough and nighttime congestion. “Vapors will not help cure colds or the flu,” says Dass, “but they can help relieve symptoms.”

This is because the menthol in these rubs makes your brain think that you are breathing through a rampant nose that is really useful when you try to get the much needed sleep. (But do not share your steam friction with very small children, that says it’s not safe to use in children under 2 years old)

9. Steam and honey
For intense congestion that does not stop, it recommends reducing the mucus, so you can eliminate it more effectively, using a variety of different methods.

In addition to soothing sore throats, honey can also eliminate stasis, says Dass, so add something to a cup of tea (bonus points for hydration). Sitting in a steam filled bathroom while the water is hot can provide the same relief. If you still have difficulty breaking the congestion, an over-the-counter medication that contains guaifenesin (such as Mucinex) may promote thinning of the mucus.

10. Analgesics
If the cold or the flu has fever and pain, an over-the-counter pain reliever can relieve acetaminophen (Tylenol), aspirin, ibuprofen (Motrin) and naproxen (Aleve).

Most people can every four to six hours, the recommended doses are taking two tablets (usually), but that states that no one should exceed a period of 24 hours, more than 4,000 milligrams (or eight extra strong tablets) acetaminophen; and that people with gastrointestinal problems, such as ulcers or heartburn, should avoid ibuprofen.

11. Zinc
According to the National Center for Complementary and Comprehensive Health (NCCIH) can help zinc (oral, such as pills, tablets or syrup), to reduce the duration of colds, when taken within 24 hours after the appearance of the symptoms.

However, this only applies to oral forms of zinc, although intranasal zinc (eg, swabs and gels) has been associated with NCCIH with serious side effects such as irreversible loss of smell. It should also be noted that oral zinc associated with its share of side effects, such as gastrointestinal disorders, and drug interactions with antibiotics and penicillamine (a drug used to treat rheumatoid arthritis).

Remedies to skip
1. Echinacea
Yes, it would be incredibly convenient to get some Echinacea, an herbal supplement that comes from the Purple Sun Hat Plant, and cure a cold or flu. Unfortunately, support will probably not help you. “There are no evidence-based studies that support the use of Echinacea for the treatment of colds and flu,” says Dass. “The studies have contradictory data on the measurable effects on cold and flu symptoms, although some patients report positive effects on their symptoms.”

There is also, as with any other supplement that is not regulated by the FDA, the consistency between the products is not enough to determine how much echinacea could actually be useful – or even the correct amount of herbs in the Taking pills. Therefore, it is better to omit it.

2. Vitamin C
Vitamin C can definitely be part of a healthy diet, but where most people are wrong with this remedy, they wait until they really feel bad to take it. “For vitamin C to be more effective, it must be taken every day,” says Dass. It has a cumulative effect and works best if used to keep you healthy (instead of magically improving if you’re already smelling).

And do not be fooled by the idea that a high dose of vitamin C will provide you with greater benefits: it says that the recommended dose is 200 M

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