Pet allergy is caused by proteins found in animal hair (small skins that are skinned by animals with hair or feathers), saliva, and urine. In addition, the hair or skin of an animal may collect pollen, mold spores, and other external allergens, such as grass, which may also cause allergies.
This means that animal hair is not an allergen. The problem is that it collects and hosts all of the above allergens.
Many animal breeds are marketed as hypoallergenic, meaning that they do not cause an allergic reaction, but are there really such breeds?
There is no breed without allergies
The American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology says that although dog breeds like the white poodle, Portuguese water dogs and some types of terriers are reputed to be hypoallergenic, there is no race without allergy.
Many people believe that a shorter-haired animal helps to control allergies, but according to the American Academy of Allergy.
A study published in the American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy collected and analyzed 173 dust samples from houses containing dogs, including so-called hypoallergenic breeds. The results were interesting: The allergen levels did not differ between hypoallergenic and non-hypoallergenic breeds.
“Anyway, there was no difference,” said Christine Cole Johnson, senior author and epidemiologist. “There is simply no environmental evidence that one dog breed produces more or less allergens in the house than another.”
The same thing happens to cats: There are no studies showing that there are hypoallergenic breeds. As in dogs, allergens are transported to dandruff, saliva and urine. The length of a coat of a cat, its sex or even the time it spends in the house do not affect the allergen levels. However, higher allergen levels can be found in households with multiple cats.
Do not be fooled by marketing claims
“Unlike many marketing claims to put people allergic to pet, there is no hypoallergenic dog,” said veterinarian Franklin D. McMillan Huffington Post in an e-mail. “Humans can be allergic to anything, even though some types of animals, races and even humans may cause less allergy symptoms to some people than others.”
He reiterates that the most common cause of pet allergies is an animal’s dander and salivary proteins that attach to these flakes. “The hair of the animal itself is not a big problem, these are the films that stick to the hair of the cabin, hair and scales, the carpets, furniture and clothes remain.”
Causes and Symptoms of Pet Allergy
Your immune system is responsible for finding foreign substances (viruses and bacteria) and their elimination. If you are allergic to pets, your immune system is too sensitive, which means that you will have an allergic reaction to the harmless proteins in your urine, saliva or dandruff.
Allergies to pets can trigger the following reactions:
- Nose is running or blocked
- Watery and irritating eyes
- Cough and wheezing
- Skin irritation, hives or rashes
- Asthma attacks
Control your allergy and keep the animal
People quickly get rid of the animal that causes the allergic reaction, but that’s often not necessary.
Here are seven ways to control your allergy:
1. Keep pets out of the room. Be sure to clean regularly and thoroughly.
2. Allergens of animal origin can adhere to all parts. Therefore, remove carpets to reduce allergen exposure and to obtain dust-free surfaces.
3. If you can not get rid of the carpets, be sure to damp them regularly.
4. Use a vacuum cleaner with a HEPA filter (highly efficient particle air) and use a mask when cleaning: this protects you from allergens caused by the vacuum.
5. Change clothing if you have been exposed to an animal for a long time.
6. Wash your pet once a week; This can help to reduce the allergens in the air. Or ask someone who is not allergic to brushing the animal outside Eliminate as much movie as possible. Keep trays and boxes clean.
7. Talk to your doctor about any medications you can take to relieve the symptoms.