Facts File

  • A condom is a thin piece of elastic material that fits over the penis during sexual intercourse and forms a barrier to sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV, and unwanted pregnancies.
  • A condom protects you and your partner in vaginal, anal and oral sex. Put on a new condom when switching from one gender type to another to avoid cross-infection.
  • To put a condom before each contact between the penis and the genital area or the mouth of the couple minimizes the risks for both.
  • If two condoms are used at the same time, it can break, only one is enough!
  • The use of water-based lubricants makes condoms more comfortable and sexier, but avoid using oil-based lubricants with latex condoms because they can weaken or break them.
  • It is very rare to break the condom, but if you do not panic, there are things you can do to minimize the risk of STIs and pregnancy.

The consistent and correct use of condoms protects you from the risks of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV, so you can enjoy sex more enjoyably. They also protect you from an unplanned pregnancy during vaginal intercourse. Here’s how to properly use a male condom and what to do in case of a problem. You can also visit our Women’s Condoms page for more information about their use.

What is a condom?

A condom is a thin piece of elastic material that adapts to the sex of a man. Used properly, condoms prevent HIV, pregnancy and most STDs.
The most popular and common type of condom is a thin latex (rubber).

How do condoms work?
Sexual fluids such as semen, vaginal secretions and blood can transmit HIV and STIs. A condom forms a barrier between these fluids and the entry points of the body, such as:

  • Vagina
  • Anus
  • Penis (urethra)
  • the mouth (especially if large open wounds or gums bleed)

Although some STIs can also be transmitted through skin contact (eg, genital warts), condoms further reduce the risk of many of these infections.

When should I use a condom?

You can use a condom to protect yourself and your partner against HIV and sexually transmitted diseases

  • In vaginal, anal and oral sex
  • Every time you have sex
  • If you share sex toys (put a new condom for each partner)

To put a condom before each contact between the penis and the genital area or the mouth of the couple minimizes the risks for both.

How to put on a condom

You will find the instructions on the condom package, but here are some simple steps:

  1. Check that the date of the condom has not expired. An outdated condom will break sooner.
  2. Verify that the package is in good condition and has a certification mark (FDA, CE, ISO or Kitemark). This means that it has been tested and meets safety standards.
  3. Carefully open the packaging to prevent the condom from cracking or being damaged. The package usually has an arrow that guides you in the direction you need to open it. Avoid your teeth or scissors and be careful with sharp nails or jewelry.
  4. The penis needs to be straight before putting on the condom. Always place the condom before the penis touches the genitals or the mouth of a woman or a man.
  5. Condoms are rolled up. Place one on the erect penis and pinch the nipple at the end of the condom before starting to push it into the penis. This will squeeze the bubbles and make room for the seed.
  6. Roll the condom at the base of the penis. If he is in the right shape, he will roll easily. If you have started to misrepresent it, or if you are not sure, remove it and try again. Even if the man has not (cum) ejaculated, there may still be semen on his penis (pre-cum), so it’s important to try again with a new condom.

Infographic showing how to use a male condom

How to remove a condom after Sex

  • Remove the condom only when the penis has been completely removed, but the penis is still straight. Most men lose their erection shortly after cuming, so do not wait too long for the penis to come out of the vagina or anus as it can cause semen to leak or condoms to fall off.
  • Always use a new condom when you have sex again or when you go from anal sex to vaginal or oral sex. This is important because many different infections can be transmitted from the anus to the vagina or the mouth.

The best tips for using a condom

Make it a part of the fun

Make the condom a fun part of previous games, keep playing and kiss while wearing it, or ask your partner to put it on.

Do not Put on more than one Condom at ago

The concomitant use of two condoms or a condom for women and a condom for men does not provide double protection; In fact, this can cause friction and make it more likely to crack or slip. Only one is enough!

Practice makes you the best

It is a good idea to practice several times before ending up in a situation where you will have sex. This can help you feel better when the time comes and get used to the condom sensation.

Try to like your  lubricant

We like the lubricant because:

  • Makes condoms more comfortable and enhances sexual pleasure
  • Reduces the risk of a condom break, especially in anal sex

Try adding lubricant to the outside of the condom or in and around the vagina or anus. But do not put it in the condom or on your bare penis as it will allow the condom to slide. And remember to use only a water-based lubricant for sex. Oil based lubricants (such as Vaseline, massage oils or hand cream) can weaken or break latex condoms.


The sizes of condoms vary. You can try different sizes of condoms to find the one that best suits you or your partner. A well-fitting condom should roll to the root of the penis and feel good instead of being really tight. On the other hand, you should not feel too spacious and slip during intercourse. Remember, just like buying clothes, you may need a different size in different brands of condoms.
But do not worry, condoms are very elastic, so you’ll find one that fits, a myth that a penis might be too big for condoms. However, if you do not find a comfortable male condom during sex, you can try a condom for vaginal or anal sex.

Try different textures and flavors

The good news is that there is a large selection of condoms. You can choose textures (ribs or protrusions to increase the feeling for both sides), thicknesses, flavors (which can make oral sex more fun) and colors, try different options and find out what you and your partner have.

If you are sensitive to latex, you can also use latex-free condoms made of polyurethane or polyisoprene. Condoms for women are also latex free, so you can try them out.

What to do if a condom breaks

It is very rare for a condom to rupture if properly worn and worn. But when a condom breaks, breaks or breaks, you can do some simple things:

  • Remove the penis immediately
  • Eliminate as much sperm as possible
  • Avoid washing in the vagina or anus (vaginal douche) as this may spread the infection or cause irritation
  • Access emergency contraception if you are not using any other contraceptive.

Most sex professionals recommend that you have a sexual health test about three months later after about 10 days of unprotected sex, or if you break the condom (or, more likely, if you are worried about a symptom). This is because different STIs become detectable at different times after infection.

What to do if a condom breaks and your partner is HIV-positive?

Your HIV-positive partner can tell you if he or she is treated regularly and has been virally suppressed for at least six months. If this is the case, the risk of HIV transmission in case of condoms destruction is extremely unlikely. However, it is possible that both will continue to choose to be tested for other STIs.

If a condom breaks and your HIV-positive partner is not treated regularly or you are not sure about your condition, you should consult a sexologist as soon as possible. You may be offered post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP). This is a one-month antiretroviral drug (ARV) treatment that reduces your chances of being HIV positive.

PEP has a high success rate; However, it is not a substitute for condoms. PEP is a powerful medicine that has side effects and is not an option for everyone.

If you have a relationship with someone living with HIV, using Pre-Exposure Prevention (PrEP) may be another way to protect yourself from the risk of HIV transmission. However, this does not protect you from other sexually transmitted diseases and unwanted pregnancies.

How can I talk about condoms with my partner?
Some people feel ashamed when they mention condom use, especially at the beginning of a relationship. But protecting your partner and yourself must be a priority for you both. If your partner refuses to use a condom, you do not feel obligated to have unprotected sex: Remember that you always have the right to decide whether you want to have sex or not.

Talking about condoms with your partner does not mean that you do not trust them, it’s as important to them as it is to you. Knowing that you are safe should help you feel better and say that you can still enjoy sex.

Also Read: 


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here