1. Don’t use tobacco
The use of any kind of tobacco collides with cancer. Smoking has been linked to various types of cancer, including the lungs, mouth, throat, larynx, pancreas, bladder, cervix and kidney cancer. Chewing tobacco has been linked to cancer of the oral cavity and pancreas. Even if you do not use tobacco, exposure to secondhand smoke may increase the risk of lung cancer.
Avoiding or choosing to quit smoking is one of the most important decisions you can make about your health. It is also an important part of cancer screening. If you need help with stopping, ask your healthcare provider about smoking cessation products and other cessation strategies.
2. Eat a healthy diet
Although a healthy selection in grocery and meals can not guarantee cancer screening, this could reduce the risk. Follow these guidelines:
- Eat a lot of fruits and vegetables. Base your diet on fruits, vegetables and other foods from plant sources like whole grains and beans.
- Avoid obesity. Eat leaner and leaner by choosing fewer high calorie foods, including refined sugars and animal fats.
- If you decide to drink alcohol, do it in moderation. The risk of various cancers, including breast, colon, lung, kidney and liver cancers, increases with the amount of alcohol used and the time it takes. I drank regularly.
- Limit processed meat. A report from the International Agency for Research on Cancer, the World Health Organization’s cancer agency, concluded that consuming large quantities of processed meat may easily increase the risk of certain cancers.
In addition, women who eat a Mediterranean diet with extra virgin olive oil and mixed nuts may have a reduced risk of developing breast cancer. The Mediterranean diet focuses mainly on vegetable foods such as fruits and vegetables, whole grains, legumes and nuts. People who follow the Mediterranean diet choose healthy fats such as olive oil on butter and fish instead of red meat.
3. Maintain a healthy weight and be physically active
Maintaining a healthy weight can reduce the risk of many cancers including breast, prostate, lung, colon and kidney cancer.
Physical activity is also important. In addition to assisting with weight control, physical activity can reduce the risk of breast and colon cancer.
Adults who participate in physical activity have positive health effects. But for important health benefits, strive for moderate aerobic activity for at least 150 minutes per week or 75 minutes per week of strong aerobic activity. You can also do a combination of moderate and vigorous activities. As a general goal, have at least 30 minutes of physical activity in your daily routine and if you can do more, even better.
4. Protect yourself from the sun
Skin cancer is one of the most common and one of the most preventable cancers. Try these tips:
Avoid the midday sun. Stay in the sun between 10am and 4pm when the sun’s rays are stronger.
Stay in the shade When you are outside, stay in the shade as much as possible. Sunglasses and a wide brim also help.
Cover covered areas. Wear loose, loose clothing that covers as much skin as possible. Choose light or dark colors that reflect more UV than pastel or bleached cotton.
Do not save on sunscreen. Use generous sunscreen outdoors and reapply frequently.
Avoid sunbeds and sun lamps. These are as harmful as natural sunlight.
5. Get immunized
Cancer prevention includes protection against certain viral infections. Talk to your doctor about vaccinations against:
- Hepatitis B. Hepatitis B can increase the risk of developing liver cancer. Hepatitis B vaccination is recommended for some high-risk adults, such as sexually active but not monogamous adults, people with sexually transmitted infections, intravenous drug addicts, men who have sex with men and medical care. or public. Security personnel who may be exposed to infected blood or body fluids.
- Human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV is a sexually transmitted virus that can cause cancer of the cervix and other genital cancers, as well as squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck. The HPV vaccine is recommended for children 11 and 12 years old. It is also available for men and women aged 26 or younger who have not received the vaccine as a teenager.
6. Avoid risky behaviors
Another effective cancer prevention tactic is to avoid risky behaviors that can lead to infections that can increase cancer risk. For example:
- Practice safe sex. Limit your number of sexual partners and use a condom if you have sex. The more sexual partners you have in your life, the more likely you are to become infected with a sexually transmitted infection such as HIV or HPV. People living with HIV or AIDS are at an increased risk of developing cancer of the anus, liver and lungs. HPV is most commonly associated with cervical cancer, but it can also increase the risk of cancer of the anus, penis, pharynx, vulva and vagina.
- No needles Sharing needles that come into contact with an infected drug user can lead to HIV, as well as hepatitis B and hepatitis C, which can increase the risk of liver cancer. If you are worried about substance abuse or addiction, seek the help of a professional.
7. Get regular medical care
Self-tests and periodic reviews of many cancers, such as skin cancer, colon cancer, cervical cancer and breast cancer, can increase your chances of getting cancer, while increasing your chances of success. Ask your doctor what the best cancer screening schedule is for you.
Take cancer prevention in your hands today. The rewards will last a lifetime.